Studying is not something students look forward to. Exam week is filled with cramming, long nights and stress. Schools and colleges have failed students in teaching effective strategies to learn, study and remember concepts.
Researchers have found that quiz games are an effective way to study as it boosts memory, improves recall, reduces anxiety, improves academic performances, increases attention and builds confidence! Pop quizzes have more to them than we might think. Read on to discover
Professor Roediger from Washington University in St. Louis discovered that frequent recall of information helps retaining information over a longer duration. In an experiment to study how people remember images, he asked his students to memorize 60 pictures. The first group memorized the pictures over 20 minutes. The second group studied the pictures over the duration and were asked to recall the pictures once. The third group was asked to recall the images thrice over the same duration.
A week later, when asked to remember the pictures, the first group remembered 16 pictures, the second group remembered 18, but the third group remembered 32 of the pictures, recalling twice the number of the first group. This improved recall due to frequent testing is called the Testing Effect.
The temperature of the room, the light, the snack being eaten and even the chair the student sits on gets embedded in memory while learning takes place. Frequently recalling this information helps make the memory more accessible. It allows for the information to interact with other contexts and makes the memory rich with association. The retrieved memory interacts with new sensations, feeling and contexts, making it more robust.
Schacter and Szpunar from University of Illinois in their 2015 study showed how short and interesting quizzes improved attention and academic performance on a test. They decided to teach statistics via a 21 min long video. One group got breaks in-between while the other group was given a short quiz on the information they had learned. Those students who had intermittent breaks reported being distracted 39% of the time and scored an average of 59% on the test. The students who gave a quiz reported being distracted 19% of the time and scored an average of 84% on the test.
Students are more likely to pay attention in a lecture when they know they are going to be tested which reigns in distraction and mind-wandering. Also, as they are giving tests, their memory and recall improves for longer durations which shows superior test performance.
Students who attempt quizzes every week show lesser anxiety (2.0) as compared to students who do not take quizzes (3.2). Frequent exposure to study material and the orientation towards learning ensured that students were less likely to be anxious about tests.
Students who take quizzes showed higher confidence in academics. Quizzes gave them a way to self-monitor their progress and see whether they understood the material or not. When they did well, it reassured them of their learning. When they did not do well, they realized that those topics needed more work. This helped them calibrate their focus on weak areas.
Low-stakes quizzing is full of benefits. However, creating fun quizzes and interactive quizzes can be a challenge. Creating trivia questions can be time consuming and difficult. Moreover, it might dissuade students from learning via quizzing. With QuizNext, an educational quiz app, students from class 6-10 from CBSE and ICSE board can find chapters from their syllabus to revise. Timely revision will boost memory and recall. Fear about Maths an Science will subside and confidence in taking exams shall improve. Give QuizNext a try and take a quiz here.